Hormones are the master switchers. They regulate every process in our body. We often think of insulin and cortisol as "bad" hormones, but that isn't true. Both are essential to our well being, but context is important. Cortisol ramps up the immune system when foreign invaders are present. Insulin is needed to convert T4 into the active hormone T3 used to regulate metabolism. The interplay between hormones is complicated, so it's important to minimize things in our diet that can disrupt their activity. The following foods either have direct or secondary impacts. It's best to avoid them.
I'll be honest. I used to eat all this stuff. I thought all that mattered were calories and macros, but that isn't the case. Anything that messes with your hormones undermines your health in unpredictable ways.